Enlightenment Defended
Politics • Spirituality/Belief • Culture
Enlightenment Defended will repel the dark nihilism of “post-truth”, woke culture, identity politics, and political correctness. It will catalyse the bright flame of the enlightenment —liberty, reason and progress.

Enlightenment Defended will create an open realm of vigorous philosophical debate through animation, documentaries, poetry, humour, music and myth. People are many-sided in both apprehension and enjoyment.
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Liberty Loves Reason: Episode 2. (Aristotle, The Founder of an Authoritarian Epistemology)

Enjoy another short but deep dive into the philosophy behind contemporary movements and events.

The correct evolutionary view of human knowledge growth was blocked by Aristotle's essentialism, which established an epistemology congenial to an authoritarian culture. Aristotle wanted a theory of knowledge that would justify ultimate courts of appeal in conflicting claims of knowledge.

It's not hard to see why this philosophy, justificationism, could be attractive to states or any other organisation that wished to monopolise certification and endorsement of their favourite sources of knowledge, actions and expertise, etc and the exclusion of "fake experts" or "fake news".

Aristotle enjoyed the benefits of the open debate of ancient greek culture, the cradle of the enlightenment. However, unintentionally, Aristotle fashioned a philosophical toolkit for the authoritarian "fact-checkers" of history. In this, he departed from the great Socrates, Xenophanes and other pre-Socratic philosophers who took the view that knowledge or skill had no ultimate justification, but could be discussed through conjecture and tentative refutation.

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